Hitoshi Manzoji was born in Hashima in Ichikikushikino City in the 19th year of the Meiji Period (1886). He entered Tokyo Teikoku University (currently Tokyo University) and majored in English literature. He became a pupil of Hiroshi Yosano and cultivated close relationship with Takuboku Ishikawa, Kotaro Takamura and Hakushu Kitahara. He moved from Tokyo to Kyoto in the 6th year of the Taisyo Period (1917). He loved the nature of Kyoto. At his convenient time, he climbed mountains across Japan and composed tanka poems expressing his passion. He published some collections of tanka poems such as “Dokei and Hyohaku” and “Sangakusho.” He passed away at the age of 70 in July of Showa 32 (1960). A memorial service for Hitoshi Manzoji was held at his old school, Hashima Elementary School, in November of the same year. Hashima Shiseki Kenshokai (Association in Honor of Historic Sites of Hashima) erected a monument inscribed with three Manozoji’s tanka poems in Hashimazaki. A litterateur, Haruo Sato, selected these three poems and he also participated in the unveiling ceremony. “Anthology of Hitoshi Manzoji,” ten-volume collection of his tanka poems, was edited afterward.