Manpuku-ike is a lake that is used for irrigation. It is on the way to Tsuchikawa from Hashima. The construction of the lake started in 1847. The Satsuma clan directly undertook the management of this construction. Takamori Saigo, who was 20 years old at that time, is said to have joined in on the construction of the lake.
【Breakwater with Cobble Stone Stacking Work】
The breakwater with cobble stone stacking work at Hamanaka-ko (Hamanaka Port) is said to have used extra stones from the construction of Manpuku-ike. It was designated as one of “Japan’s 100 Historical and Cultural Assets of Fishing Industry and Fishing Villages” important for future generations.
【Birth Place of Hitoshi Manzoji】
Hitoshi Manzoji was born in Hashima in 1886. He entered Tokyo Teikoku University (currently Tokyo University) in 1908 and majored in English literature. He became a pupil of Hiroshi Yosano and had close relationships with Takuboku Ishikawa, Kotaro Takamura and Hakushu Kitahara, among others. He published a literary magazine “Subaru” with Ogai Mori and others after the literary magazine “Myojyo” ceased to be published. He published the ten-volume collection of tanka poems, “Anthology of Hitoshi Manzoji” afterwards and passed away at the age of 70 in 1957. A memorial service for Hitoshi Manzoji was held at his old school, Hashima Elementary School in November of 1957.
【Monument Inscribed with Hitoshi Manzoji’s Tanka Poems】
The monument inscribed with Hitoshi Manzoji’s tanka poems in Hashimazaki was constructed by Hashima shiseki kenshokai (the Association in honor of historic sites of Hashima) in March of 1960. Haruo Sato, a poet and writer, chose the three poems inscribed on the monument. In addition, Izuru Shinmura, a linguist and philologist, wrote the letters inscribed in the stone.
【Shirahama-Onsen, Kushikino-Shirahama-Onsen Misumaru-no-Yu】
Shirahama-onsen is a hot spring facility on the way from the central part of Ichikikushikino to Hashima (national road 43). You can see the whole view of the East China Sea from a large window of a large public bath, while you enjoy soaking yourself in a hot bath. There is a second bath which collects hot spring water directly from the source with no intermediary. Many elderly visitors enjoy visiting this hot spring bath.
Sunset Park is located on a hill with a great view over the East China Sea. It is located on the way to Satsumasendai from Hashima (national road 43). You can find Koshikishima Island in front, and Mt. Noma in the south when it is fine. The sunset from the park is superb.
Hashimazaki-jinja is a shrine in which the guardian god of Hashima is enshrined. It is said that one young hawk (Takasunokami) flew to Hashima and became the god of Hashimazaki-jinja. In the shrine precinct, there is another small shrine with a statue of the bust of Gonza. In 1728, Gonza was heading for Osaka under the order of Tsugutoyo Shimadzu, the lord of the Satsuma clan at that time. However, his ship was caught in a storm and he drifted to the coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula in Russia. Then he worked as a Japanese teacher in Saint Petersburg and completed the creation of a Russian-Japanese dictionary. Gonza is presumed to be originally from Hashima because some words similar to the dialect of Hashima region can be found in his dictionary. In 2010, the spirit of Gonza was called in his hometown after 282 years and enshrined.